Commercial Pilot License - Certificate
The Commercial Certificate is about refining and advancing your skills that you learned as a Private Pilot. In addition to advanced maneuvers, you will be adding pilot in command time, solo time, cross country time - both day and night, and instrument time,
§ 61.129 Aeronautical experience.
(a) For an airplane single-engine rating. Except as provided in paragraph (i) of this section, a person who applies for a commercial pilot certificate with an airplane category and single-engine class rating must log at least 250 hours of flight time as a pilot that consists of at least:
(1) 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.
(2) 100 hours of pilot-in-command flight time, which includes at least—
(i) 50 hours in airplanes; and
(ii) 50 hours in cross-country flight of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes.
(3) 20 hours of training on the areas of operation listed in § 61.127(b)(1) of this part that includes at least—
(i) Ten hours of instrument training using a view-limiting device including attitude instrument flying, partial panel skills, recovery from unusual flight attitudes, and intercepting and tracking navigational systems. Five hours of the 10 hours required on instrument training must be in a single engine airplane;
(ii) 10 hours of training in a complex airplane, a turbine-powered airplane, or a technically advanced airplane (TAA) that meets the requirements of paragraph (j) of this section, or any combination thereof. The airplane must be appropriate to land or sea for the rating sought;
(iii) One 2-hour cross country flight in a single engine airplane in daytime conditions that consists of a total straight-line distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure;
(iv) One 2-hour cross country flight in a single engine airplane in nighttime conditions that consists of a total straight-line distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure; and
(v) Three hours in a single-engine airplane with an authorized instructor in preparation for the practical test within the preceding 2 calendar months from the month of the test.
(4) Ten hours of solo flight time in a single engine airplane or 10 hours of flight time performing the duties of pilot in command in a single engine airplane with an authorized instructor on board (either of which may be credited towards the flight time requirement under paragraph (a)(2) of this section), on the areas of operation listed under § 61.127(b)(1) that include—
(i) One cross-country flight of not less than 300 nautical miles total distance, with landings at a minimum of three points, one of which is a straight-line distance of at least 250 nautical miles from the original departure point. However, if this requirement is being met in Hawaii, the longest segment need only have a straight-line distance of at least 150 nautical miles; and
(ii) 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and 10 landings (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at a
Certified Flight Instructor (CFI or CFII) Certificate
The Certified Flight Instructor Rating is really about being able to verbalize everything that you know about flying and aviation in a way that your student can understand. You will be developing lesson plans for all aspects of teaching theory as well as actual flying. The lesson plans will teach you all of the elements of importance to include during your lessons. You will also learn about teaching style and some of the best ways to present as an instructor. Once you are a CFI you can then go on to become a CFII - Certified Flight Instructor - Instrument, to teach instrument flying.
§ 61.183 Eligibility requirements.
(a) Be at least 18 years of age;
(b) Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language. If the applicant is unable to meet one of these requirements due to medical reasons, then the Administrator may place such operating limitations on that applicant's flight instructor certificate as are necessary;
(c) Hold either a commercial pilot certificate or airline transport pilot certificate with:
(1) Holds a flight instructor certificate or ground instructor certificate issued under this part;
(2) Holds a teacher's certificate issued by a State, county, city, or municipality that authorizes the person to teach at an educational level of the 7th grade or higher; or
(3) Is employed as a teacher at an accredited college or university.
(2) Flight simulator or approved flight training device that is representative of the category and class of aircraft for the rating sought, and used in accordance with a course at a training center certificated under part 142 of this chapter.
(1) Receive a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor indicating that the applicant is competent and possesses instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures after providing the applicant with flight training in those training areas in an airplane or glider, as appropriate, that is certificated for spins; and
(2) Demonstrate instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures. However, upon presentation of the endorsement specified in paragraph (i)(1) of this section an examiner may accept that endorsement as satisfactory evidence of instructional proficiency in stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures for the practical test, provided that the practical test is not a retest as a result of the applicant failing the previous test for deficiencies in the knowledge or skill of stall awareness, spin entry, spins, or spin recovery instructional procedures. If the retest is a result of deficiencies in the ability of an applicant to demonstrate knowledge or skill of stall awareness, spin entry, spins, or spin recovery instructional procedures, the examiner must test the person on stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery instructional procedures in an airplane or glider, as appropriate, that is certificated for spins;
(k) Comply with the appropriate sections of this part that apply to the flight instructor rating sought.
"Sue is a fantastic instructor, offering not only real-time instruction during the scheduled lessons, but also a wealth of self-study resources for reinforcement of key concepts. However, the biggest differentiator between Sue and other CFIs is that she is able to truly understand each student, and tailor her teaching style to suit."
"Sue is a great instructor! She provided training for my private pilot certificate and did an excellent job. As I am in my mid-50s and my pilot time is getting shorter every day, I needed the best instructor that I could find. Definitely consider Sue for any of your aviation training needs.
My training adventure began a year and a half ago. I would have completed training and the check ride sooner if it wasn't for my numerous trip interruptions. I also had some learning challenges due to my decades as a career engineer. As Sue once pointed out to me, "if you want to learn about yourself, go learn to fly". Well, I definitely learned about my weaknesses and strengths as they relate to learning to fly. Sue provided focused lessons to overcome my weaknesses and reinforce my strengths, always with an eye toward safety. You will go well prepared for your check ride--Sue wouldn't have it any other way. I passed mine with "flying" colors and I'm sure with Sue's training, you would too. "
“I recently completed my PPL training with Sue. I struggled to find an instructor with the skills I wanted and the flexibility to meet my schedule, but eventually I found Sue and couldn't be happier.
Sue's knowledge and experience were immediately obvious from the first lesson. I knew I was learning from someone who wanted to be teaching, not just looking to build hours for the airlines. Her focus on safety and proper planning combined with structured lessons gave me the all the confidence I needed for my checkride (but not too much confidence!)
I highly recommend Sue as a CFI and look forward to working with her for my future endorsements and ratings.”
See Below to purchase additional hours of Advanced Flight Instruction.
Please contact me for scheduling prior to purchasing if this is your first purchase.
(All purchases are non refundable after 3 days. Applicable transaction fees + 25% apply for any refund. Rescheduled flights due to weather may be redeemed for an equal value for another date and time. Purchase price VALID FOR ONE YEAR from date of purchase and must be redeemed within one year. 48 hour cancellation notice applies for rescheduling or full amount will be charged/forfeited, excluding weather cancellations. Waiver must be signed. Minimum age - 16 yrs. Weight restriction applies).